Japan Guide & Information Japan Guide & Information

UPDATE | January 09, 2019

【Examination Guide】 Japanese higher education institutions accepting international students

There are seven types of higher education institutions that accept international students in Japan. Educational goals and career after graduation vary from school to school. Let's check the school type you want to go on here.

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There are seven types of higher education institutions in Japan that accept foreign students: "graduate school" "university" "junior college" "professional college university" "professional college" " Professional Training College " " Professional Training College " . Both schools are schools where you can acquire "College Student" status of residence. Since each degree that can be obtained, the term of study, the entrance qualifications, the features, and the costs are different, choose a school that suits your purpose.


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● Japan's "education system" and "types of higher education institutions"

Higher education in Japan begins after completing 12 years of primary education for 6 years and 3 years in the previous term and secondary education in the latter 3 years.

Schools classified as higher education institutions in Japan are "graduate school", "university" "junior college" "Professional Training College", "high Professional Training College", and "new professionals University "and" Professional Junior College ". Depending on the school type, there are "national" established by the country, "public" established by local public bodies, "private" schools established by other school corporations and corporations etc. In Japan, many of them are private schools.


One of the differences between national, public and private schools is "cost".

The cost of entering school such as entrance fee and tuition fee is set comparatively cheaply because there are standard values set by the country etc. in the case of national and public schools, but in the case of private schools, the school to enroll And the field you will learn.

For this reason, at first glance private schools seem very expensive, but many schools have scholarships, Tuition exemption, tax exemption system and other systems to support expenses, so the school you want to go to is decided Let's examine the support system such as scholarship.


Not limited to higher education institutions, most of the Japanese educational institutions are graduated from April to March of the next year in the first grade. Therefore, the Entrance Examination will start around September.

The test method may carry out a common test in part of the university, but mainly the exams unique to the school such as the written exam and the interview test. Since the content and subjects of exams vary from school to school, let's examine the exam subjects and contents of the school as soon as the school is decided.


What is distinctive in Japanese higher education institutions is that you need to decide which major to learn at the stage of filing.

Although there are schools that can change the major after enrollment, there are limitations in major majors that can be changed, or even if you change, it is almost time to conduct a test etc.


Whichever school you go to, you need to study the school before enrollment becomes very important, so take advantage of the school which you want to learn by using the internet or a briefing session for studying abroad Let's investigate thoroughly.


> Search schools by specifying conditions

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● Features of "Graduate School" in Japan

It is a research institution established under the undergraduate (undergraduate course) of the university or independently and there are national, public and private schools.

What is characteristic of the graduate school system in Japan is that the "Doctoral Course" is divided into two categories: the former course and the latter term at many schools. If you complete only by doctoral program (previous term) you will be considered equivalent to master's course.


The standards for admission vary from school to school, but "master's course", "doctoral course (previous term)" and "professional degree degree" are equivalent to university graduation (bachelor degree acquisition), "doctoral course (late term)" is the doctoral course The previous academic year) or the academic ability equivalent to the master's course completion is required.


There are three processes, "master's course" and "doctoral course", and "professional degree degree (master course)" aiming to train advanced professional human resources, each of which has a master's degree for 2 years, 2 to 3 years in the degree program and 3 years in the doctoral course are common.


> Find out more about "graduate school"

● Features of "Japanese universities"

There are national, public, private schools, many of which are private universities.

The period of regular course is 4 years, medical, dentistry, veterinary medicine, some pharmacology, etc. are aimed to acquire professional national qualifications, etc. are 6 years.

In either case, if you graduate after satisfying the conditions such as the term of study and the number of credits, you will receive a "bachelor" degree.


In some schools, we have set up "International Student Division (Japanese Department)" for foreign students who wish to go on to graduate school or university, preparatory institutions to conduct Japanese language education etc. There are universities and undergraduate departments that can graduate only in English, but in the case of Japanese universities, those who are uneasy about Japanese ability because there are many classes in Japanese, let us consider using foreign student departments .


Although there are detailed conditions such as years of school years and age, it is a condition of admission that you mainly have the ability to correspond to the completion of senior high school.


> Find out more about "university"

● Features of "Junior College" in Japan

                    

There are public and private schools, mostly private private colleges. Currently, there is no national junior college.


Compared to universities, the term of study is short, as short as 2 or 3 years, as well as emphasis on education to acquire skills and knowledge that go out to society rather than academic research, and to train professional vocational personnel , Educational institutions aiming to train human resources that are the foundation of local communities, training human resources with cultural elements, and a place of lifelong learning.


Graduation after satisfying the conditions such as the term of work and the number of credits gives a degree of "junior college degree", and the junior college degree can apply for entering in the middle year of the university. Also, there are schools that have attached students' departments (Japanese departments) as well as universities.


> Explore "junior college" in detail

● Features of "professional college / specialized junior college" in Japan

It is a new higher education institution in Japan newly established since FY 2019, and it is all private school.

We will educate people with skills and abilities that can be practiced in a society that can be acquired by Professional Training College , along with high academic sophistication and education like studying at university.


The term of study is 4 years at a professional university, 2 years or 3 years at a professional junior college. We will practice at 30 ~ 40% of graduation credits at companies etc. After graduation, you can earn degrees of "Bachelor (Professional)" "Junior College Bachelor (Professional)" equivalent to university, junior college.


> Find out more about "professional college"

● Features of " Professional Training College " in Japan

Formally, it is aimed at acquiring professional knowledge and skills for acquiring future occupations and qualifications at higher education institutions called vocational schools (special courses). There are national, public and private schools, but most are private schools. Although the term of study is mainstream for 2 years, there are schools for 3 years or 4 years for high expertise areas.


Professional Training College is characterized by various schools, departments, courses, depending on the aims and skills you want to acquire.

Broadly speaking, there are eight fields of "industrial" "agriculture" "medical" "satellite" "education and social welfare" "commercial practice" "clothing and housekeeping" "culture and education".


Graduating from the department admitted by the Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology when it meets the conditions such as the term of study and certification of completion, it is given the title of "professional" or "advanced professional", and the specialist is transferred to a Japanese university , There are also departments that are entitled to graduate school in Japan for advanced professionals.


After graduation, it is desirable to choose a school with a long-term perspective whether you would like to study in the acquired technical book and work in Japan.


> Find out more about " Professional Training College "

● Features of "Higher Education Professional Training College" in Japan

It is a higher education institution with a 5-year period of study including secondary education (late stage) (5 years and 6 months only for the department of merchant ship), aiming to train engineers with advanced skills. There are national, public, private schools, many are national schools.


In the case of a foreign international student, it is not admission from the first year, but entrance to the 4th or 3rd year which requires academic ability of high school graduation degree.


After graduation, you can acquire a "Associate Degree" degree and you can enroll in the third year of the university. (If you go to the two-year department, you will be eligible for admission to the postgraduate master's course and doctor's course earlier You can get it).


Since there are various types of schools, let's choose the school which suits your desired academic ability and what you want to do in the future.


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The person who wrote this article

studyjapan

アクセス日本留学Editorial Department.アクセス日本留学" where foreign students can request materials to find Japanese schools, and hold "advancement information sessions for foreign students".

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