Japan Guide & Information Japan Guide & Information

UPDATE | April 15, 2021

Japanese lifestyle series 2nd | Be careful! Japanese garbage dump

Garbage disposal rules vary from country to country. For example, there are countries where you can put out burnable garbage and non-burnable garbage together, but in Japan it violates the rules. It must be sorted according to the type of garbage. If you don't divide it, the garbage truck may not bring it with you.

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● There are rules on how to dispose of garbage in Japan!

First and foremost, in Japan, you have to separate burnable garbage and non-burnable garbage. Then you need to throw away PET bottles, bottles, glass and cardboard separately.


Also, the day of the week to dispose of the separated garbage depends on the area where you live. It is often written on a leaflet near the entrance of the condominium, but if not, ask the condominium manager or management company.


Be aware of the garbage rules in the area where your school is located. Most schools will teach you at the admissions briefing, but if you don't understand, ask your teacher.


Garbage will not be collected if it is thrown away without observing the rules. In addition, you will be warned by the apartment you live in, and if you continue to do so many times, you may not be able to live in that apartment. When you decide where to live in Japan, first check the garbage separation so that you don't make a mistake!


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● It is NG to throw away PET bottles and cans containing drinks

It is also a violation of the rules in Japan to throw away PET bottles and cans with drinks in them. Please drink all and then throw it away. When drinks come out of PET bottles and cans, the garbage bags get dirty and cause trouble for many people.


When throwing away your lunch, make sure there is no liquid such as soup inside. It's not a good idea to flush the soup down the toilet and throw it away, so it's a good idea to make or buy as much as you can drink.


● Pay attention to the time and place to dispose of garbage

In Japan, the time and place to put out garbage is fixed. As for the time of day, it depends on the area where you live. When you ask the ward office or city office, you will often be asked to "throw away the trash in the morning."


Some may wonder, "Why do you have a fixed time to put out the trash?" The reason is that crows who find food in the trash that goes out break the trash bag and scatter the trash. Crows are smart, so it is dangerous because they may gather around you on the day you take out the trash.


In addition, animals such as wild boars may aim for garbage near the mountains. Not only does the area around the apartment where you live get dirty, but someone can get injured, so the time to throw away the trash is often set as a rule.


If you forget to put out the trash in the morning, take some measures such as putting it out on the next collection day.


● Pay money when you put out large trash such as furniture

Do not put large trash such as refrigerators, desks, and chairs in the trash area of your apartment without saying anything. Don't move with it left. Please contact each local government in advance and tell them that you will dispose of oversized garbage.


For example, in the case of Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, there is a "Oversized Garbage Reception Center" where you can apply online or by phone.


The price of oversized garbage varies depending on what you throw away. This also depends on the area where you live, so check the homepage of the local government.


● Let's live with good manners

Some may think that "Japan has many rules for dumping garbage and it is troublesome." However, in order to live in Japan, it is important to know the rules and manners. If you make a mistake, it may cause trouble with your neighbors.


In particular, garbage disposal is often different between Japan and other countries. Also, even in the same Japan, the rules change depending on the region. Let's check as soon as you decide where to live.


■ Recommended for those who read this article

Japanese lifestyle series 1st | Transportation rules are different from foreign countries! ??

[Life in Japan] Preparing to move for a new life

The person who wrote this article

Rio Wakabayashi

Free writer who likes reading. Born and raised in Osaka and moved to Tokyo in 2010. He writes articles, book reviews, and columns. Currently, while writing, she teaches Japanese to foreigners at a Japanese language school in Tokyo.

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