UPDATE | November 30, 2019
I think everyone knows through news that Japan is an earthquake-prone country. Earthquakes can occur anywhere and anytime. In Japan, we have been teaching about countermeasures from an early age, such as kindergartens and elementary schools, in preparation for earthquakes. For example, “evacuation drill”. In your home country, you may not have learned at school about earthquake preparedness, or it may have been very easy to learn. As a country with many earthquakes, Japan is preparing for various earthquakes. Here, we will introduce the countermeasures and actions after the earthquake.
If an earthquake occurs, depending on the magnitude of the shake, objects may fall from a high place or you may be injured by a fallen object. It is necessary to keep in mind such as keeping things as low as possible and fixing large furniture to prevent falling. Also, if you know where it is safest in your home, you can ensure your safety without panic when an earthquake occurs. It is also important to keep things organized, such as keeping a space where you can pass smoothly without placing anything near the entrance so that you can escape as soon as an earthquake occurs. If the building is tilted due to shaking, the door of the doorway may be distorted and you may not be able to go outside. In such a case, you must break the window glass to escape. It is a good idea to prepare sneakers for that time. Keep other necessary items in a place where you can take them out anytime. It is also important to know in advance the evacuation sites in your area (city / city).
In case of emergency, you can rest assured that there are valuable items such as cash and insurance cards, as well as immediate change of clothes and emergency food. In addition, the lifeline may stop immediately after the earthquake. Make sure you have a flashlight, portable radio, cassette cooker, and candle so you don't have to worry about it.
Transportation may stop immediately after the earthquake. As a result, in supermarkets, things may be sold out and not delivered. Therefore, it is safe to buy food and drink for about a week. For example, instant foods, canned foods, foods with a long shelf life, foods that can be eaten easily (things that can be eaten without a fire), beverages, and so on.
When an earthquake strikes, it is important to first secure your safety without panic. Basically, stay away from large furniture, get under a sturdy desk, and try to protect yourself from falling objects. Also, when the shaking has subsided, if you are using fire for cooking or if you have a stove on, turn it off immediately and drop the electric breaker. If you go outside, falling objects such as roof tiles and signboards may be scattered, so be careful when walking. At that time, if the wire is cut and hanging, there is a risk of electric shock, so do not touch it. Also, keep leaning buildings and fences away from them as they may collapse. If you are near the sea, be aware that even small shakes will leave you and evacuate as high as possible. Each municipality establishes evacuation sites for disasters in advance. When you receive an evacuation advisory or evacuation order, move quickly.
Briefly explained the basic precautions during an earthquake. Depending on where you are at the time of the earthquake, actions to ensure safety are different. When you are indoors, when you are in a store such as a department store or supermarket, when you are in an elevator, when you are on a train or bus, when you are at school or at work. It is different to be careful depending on the situation at that time. Assuming various patterns, it is important to have knowledge by examining the Internet or books.
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